The Lord is risen indeed, Alleluia!

     O come, let us worship Him.



1   Alleluia!

     Alleluia! Alleluia!                    (Liturgical text)

2   I lay down and slept; I woke again,

     For the Lord sustained me. Alleluia!

     Alleluia!                                          (Psalm 3:5)

3   Alleluia! The Lord has risen. Alleluia!

     Just as He told you. Alleluia! Alleluia!

                                        (Luke 24:34; Mark 16:7)

4   Alleluia! Stay with us, for it is toward


     and the day is now far spent.

     Alleluia! Alleluia!                        (Luke 24:29)


L:  Sing to the Lord and bless His name,

     proclaim His salvation from day to day.

                                                          (Psalm 96:2)

     Now is Christ risen from the dead and

     become the firstfruits of them that sleep.

                                            (1 Corinthians 15:20)

     Glory be to the Father and to the Son and

     to the Holy Spirit.

C:  Give to the Lord the glory and

     strength, give Him the honor

     due His name. Alleluia, alleluia.

                                                      (Psalm 29:1-2)


The Resurrection of Our Lord—Easter Sunday

     Easter is the oldest and highest of all

Christian festivals—the festival of festivals,

the feast of feasts! On this day, when Christ

first stepped triumphantly from the ranks

of the dead, all our waiting is declared to be

a waiting that is already completed; Christ’s

triumph makes all the waiting that follows in

our lives of faith a building anchored on the

foundation that was laid when He whom the

builders rejected became the Cornerstone.

Christ is risen! He is risen indeed. Alleluia!


The Easter Season—The Great Fifty Days


The Easter season is a fifty-day-long

season of joy extending from Easter to

Pentecost. During this time, the Church

celebrates the end of Christ’s struggles and

proclaims His victory over death and the

reception of the benefits of His life, death,

and resurrection as gracious gifts of love and

mercy for all those who believe in Him. This

is the Church’s great season of joy! Christ is

risen! He is risen indeed. Alleluia!

Biblical Memoirs



As To Tradition of Celebration


     Easter, with bunnies, baby chicks, and eggs amidst the resurrection of Jesus Christ – what do they have to do with each other? Is the origin of Easter biblical? What does the Bible say about Easter? What is the meaning of Easter? Should Christians observe Easter? A brief history of Easter tells us that the name “Easter” comes from the Anglo-Saxon, Easter, the name of the goddess of spring. Bunnies are symbols of fertility, while eggs were seen as pagan symbols of death and life.

As To Tradition of Celebration (The Way It Should Be)


And when hee had apprehended him, hee put him in prison, and deliuered him to foure quaternions of souldiers to keepe him, intending after Easter to bring him forth to the people. (Acts 12:4 1611 KJV)

And when he had apprehended him, he put him in prison, and delivered him to four quaternions of soldiers to keep him; intending after Easter to bring him forth to the people. (Acts 12:4 1769 KJV)

     It is an interesting fact that the word EASTER is found in only both the 1611 King James Bible and the 1769 re-write (or as is referred to as the Standard/Authorized) King James Bible. All other Bibles to date and all others prior to the 1611 use the word Passover.

     “Easter” isn’t marked as a translation of anything in the Greek. Did the KJV translators just stick “Easter” there randomly? No! That means there was a Greek word that the KJV translators left untranslated,pascha/pesach.  “Easter” is a translation, but scholars indicate that pascha/pesach in this context simply couldn’t mean “Easter,” so they were unwilling to tie the two together! Whatever the reason the KJV translators chose “Easter,” the word means “Passover.” The question, then, is whether or not the word in Acts 12 refers to a Christian celebration or a Jewish one because “Easter” is a Christian word, “Passover” a Jewish one.

     Among the 29 uses of pascha/pesach that could be applied in the New Testament, not one of them can clearly be used to speak of the Christian holiday of “Easter.” “The Easter festival” is a sense of the word pascha/pesach that developed only “in later Christian usage.” It’s very unlikely that “Easter” was a thing when Luke wrote Acts. That’s why no translations but one (KJV) use the word.

     The word “Easter,” like the word “east,” comes from a word that meant “dawn,” which always shows up in the east. The Resurrection is associated with a new dawning. Greek’s pascha/pesach is directly related to the Hebrew word for “pass over,” the words used to refer to what the angel of death did in Exodus 12 when he saw doorposts with lamb’s blood. He “passed over” those homes. Most languages derive their word for Easter from their word for Passover; English and German are the big exceptions.

     When one thinks of Easter throughout history and in the 21st century, what day do we think of? Sunday, most likely. Herod Agrippa I who ruled from 37 AD to 44 AD put James to death in the last year of his reign. However, what day did Easter fall on in 44 AD? Thursday. So as to Easter being held specifically every year on Sunday, Passover is actually tied to a calendar day in the year, not a specific day of the week.

     Let’s look at the Bible to find the meaning of Easter and how it relates to the resurrection of Jesus. Romans shows us that baptism instead of Easter was given as a symbol of Christ’s death, burial, and resurrection. Romans 6:3-5 says, “Or do you not know that as many of us as were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into His death? Therefore we were buried with Him through baptism into death, that just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life. “For if we have been united together in the likeness of His death, certainly we also shall be in the likeness of His resurrection.” What we see is that the true meaning is more than just a memorial for the resurrection one day a year with a church service. We can even celebrate the resurrection as we allow Christ’s resurrection to become a reality in our lives as we live anew victoriously. Christ’s death and resurrection is a daily hope of how the good will of God can overcome the forces of evil, of how truth will prevail and unmask the lie, of how love will triumph over sin, and how the blessed hope of eternal life will even put an end to death one day.

     So, is it wrong to celebrate Easter? Let’s make a clarification, is it wrong to remember the resurrection? No! It would be wrong to not remember it. Is Easter observance the way to do so? It would be remiss to not admit there is certainly a lot of pagan influence that has become tied to the resurrection in Easter. Nowhere are bunnies, chicks, or eggs mentioned in the Bible or in connection with Christ’s resurrection. However, where there is opportunity to share the message and gospel of Christ without compromising the biblical truth, the “wise as serpents, harmless as doves” counsel of Christ is appropriate. How to observe it should be considered carefully allowing Bible study and prayer to guide our decisions.

     Let’s now take a look at the traditional Easter Dinner (to which many refer to as the Passover Meal) as to the actual Passover Meal (which is referred to as The Last Supper). An a-typical Easter Dinner may include either ham, chicken, or lamb as a main course. The dinner then would include potatoes, vegetables, salads, fruit dishes, breads, wines, and other sides all of various sorts, pretty simple, right? The Passover Meal (The Last Supper) in Biblical tradition is much more complex with all that is involved.

  1.  The name says it all. The Last Supper was Jesus’ last supper with his twelve disciples before he was crucified.
  2. This supper is when the First Eucharist occurred. What a thought: First Eucharist at the Last Supper. Fascinating.
  3. As part of Eucharist (or communion), Jesus took the bread that was on the table, broke it in half (or close to half) and told his disciples to take it and eat it.
  4. The bread represents the body of Christ.
  5. After taking bread, Jesus then took the wine from the table and told his disciples to drink it.
  6. The wine represents the blood of Jesus.
  7. The Last Supper was actually foretold in the Old Testament. A “priest from God Most High” named Melchizedek “brought out bread and wine” And David said that Jesus would be “a priest forever in the order of Melchizedek.“
  8. Jesus’ final supper was so important; Leonardo da Vinci depicted the scene in his famous painting titled The Last Supper.
  9. The painting itself is huge. It’s about 15 feet by 29 feet (4.6 x 8.8 meters).
  10. What’s interesting to note is there are groups of three in the painting, probably representing the Holy Trinity. Jesus’ figure resembles a triangle; three windows are seen behind Jesus; and the disciples are in groups of three.
  11. The painting itself is in terrible shape. Less than half of da Vinci’s artwork is still on the restored painting.
  12. The Last Supper is told in all four gospels, but there’s a different account of the supper in the book of John. He says that the gathering happened the day of Passover, while the other three synoptic gospels say that the gathering happened the day before Passover.
  13. One theory as to why the difference in dates is because they could have used different calendars. So, we should technically celebrate the Last Supper on Wednesday; churches now celebrate the Last Supper on Holy Thursday.
  14. To make things more confusing, Jesus may have used a different calendar than the rest.
  15. A few other incidents happened at that table. Jesus predicted that Peter would deny Jesus’ existence three times before the rooster crowed. Guess what Peter did a few days later?
  16. What’s better is that, during the meal, in a casual tone, Jesus said someone would betray him that night. This led to a mini-conspiracy theory for all the disciples to chew on. Turned out, Jesus knew it was Judas who would betray him.
  17. After supper, Jesus went to the Garden of Gethsemane to pray and asked God not to go through with his crucifixion.
  18. What’s Passover? It’s a celebration to commemorate the exodus from Egypt.
  19. Passover explains why there was wine at the table of The Last Supper. There are four cups of wine at the table during Passover, each symbolizing something different.
  20. When Jesus went to the garden to pray, he told his disciples to stay awake and keep watch for an hour or so. They fell asleep, so Jesus yelled at them. It may have been from eating too much food at the Last Supper.

     All told, Easter dinner as to the Passover Meal/Last Supper is a way of celebrating life. Did you catch that? LIFE! We as Christians need to remember that at all times because Jesus presented us with the bread and wine, thus the body and blood that is His. Again, did you catch that? HIS! All because of the greatest gift that God could ever give and that is the gift of love which is given for us. Once again, did you catch that? US! In Jesus’ name, Amen.

*NOTE: The preceding’s of these pages are only examples of reading to a much broader aspect to the subjects. I urge you to look further into this as the contents to what you will find are indeed fascinating, for there is much. In doing so, you will even find yourselves in the very Word of God (as it should be) as to the endless references therein. Also, lest ye not forget that He Is Risen! He Is Risen Indeed! ALLEUIA! 


                                                                         Lenten Season


Invitatory for Lent

The Lord has redeemed His people

      O come, let us worship Him


1         Man shall not live by bread alone,

but by every word that comes from

the mouth of God.      (Matthew 4:4)

2         Behold, now is the favorable time,

behold, now is the day of salvation.

                              (2 Corinthians 6:2) 

3         He was oppressed, and He was afflicted,

yet He opened not His mouth

and the Lord has laid on Him

the iniquity of us all. (Isaiah 53:7,6)

Responsory for Lent

      L:    We have an advocate with the Father;

             Jesus is the propitiation for our sins.

                                                 (1 John 2:1-2)

             Blessed is he whose transgression is

             forgiven and whose sin is put away.

                                                  (Psalm 32:1)

             We have an advocate with the Father;

             Jesus is the propitiation for our sins.

                                                  (1 John 2:1-2)

      C:    He was delivered up to death;

             He was delivered for the sins of the people.

                                                   (Mark 10:33)


Lenten Catechesis: The Lord’s Prayer

Our Father who art in heaven,

hallowed be thy name,

thy kingdom come,

thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven.

Give us this day our daily bread;

and forgive us our trespasses

as we forgive those

who trespass against us;

and lead us not into temptation,

but deliver us from evil.

For thine is the kingdom

and the power and the glory

forever and ever. Amen


Lenten Catechesis: Holy Baptism

     Christ our Lord says in the last chapter of

Matthew: “Therefore go and make disciples

of all nations, baptizing them in the name

of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy

Spirit.” [Matthew 28:19 NIV]

     Christ our Lord says in the last chapter of

Mark: “Whoever believes and is baptized will

be saved, but whoever does not believe will

be condemned.” [Mark 16:16 NIV]

     St. Paul says in Titus, chapter three: “He

saved us through the washing of rebirth and

renewal by the Holy Spirit, whom he poured

out on us generously through Jesus Christ

our Savior, so that, having been justified by

His grace, we might become heirs having

the hope of eternal life. This is a trustworthy

saying. [Titus 3:5-8 NIV]

     St. Paul writes in Romans chapter 6:

We were therefore buried with him through

baptism into death in order that, just as

Christ was raised from the dead through the

glory of the Father, we too may live a new

life. [Romans 6:4 NIV]


Lenten Catechesis: What is Baptism?

     In the first place, we take up Baptism, by which

we are first received into the Christian Church.

[John 3:5]

     *It is not mere ordinary water, but water

comprehended in God’s Word and command

and sanctified by them [Ephesians 5:26-27].

So it is nothing other than divine water. Not

that the water in itself is nobler than other water,

but that God’s Word and command are added

to it. Through this, we receive the Holy Spirit.

     Christ our Lord says in the last chapter of

Matthew: “Therefore go and make disciples of all

nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father

and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.”

     Christ our Lord says in the last chapter of

Mark: “Whoever believes and is baptized will.

be saved, but whoever does not believe will be


     Baptism is divine and it is instituted by God

Himself and that we must be Baptized or we

cannot be saved.


Lenten Catechesis: What benefits does Baptism


     The power, work, profit, fruit, and purpose of

Baptism is this—to save [1 Peter 3:21]. We know

that to be saved is nothing other than to be

delivered from sin, death, and the devil [Colossians

1:13-14]. It means to enter into Christ’s kingdom

[John 3:5], and to live with Him forever.


Lenten Catechesis: How can water to such great


     In the water is God’s Word or command and

God’s name. His name is a treasure greater and

nobler than heaven or earth. (*See also Monday

Lent 4.)


Lenten Catechesis: What does such baptizing

with water signify?

     It is nothing other than putting to death the

old Adam and affecting the new man’s resurrection

after that [Romans 6:4-6].


Lenten Catechesis: Who receives what Baptism

Gives and profits?

     It is given to us by God’s grace. This includes

infants which is pleasing to Christ. Also, it is not

bound by our faith, but by the Word of God. Thus,

even if a dishonest person with evil intent were to

come and we were to baptize them in good faith,

we must say that their Baptism is still genuine.



Lenten Catechesis: Confession

     This is what St. John the Evangelist writes

in chapter 20: The Lord Jesus breathed

on His disciples and said, “Receive the Holy

Spirit. If you forgive anyone his sins, they are

forgiven; if you do not forgive them, they are

not forgiven.” [John 20: 22-23 NIV]


Lenten Catechesis: The Keys

     The authority of the Keys [Matthew 16:19],

  or the authority of the bishops—according to

the Gospel—are an office power or command-

ment of God, to preach the Gospel, to forgive

and retain sins, and to administer Sacraments.


Lenten Catechesis: Excommunication and


     1: Open and hardhearted sinners are not

admitted to the Sacrament and other communion

of the Church until they amend their lives and

avoid sin. 2: “You are all of no account, whether

you are obvious sinners or saints <in your own

opinions>. You have to become different from

what you are now. You have to act differently

than you are now acting, whether you are as great,

wise, powerful, and holy as can be. Here no one is




Lenten Catechesis: Confession and Absolution

     Our churches teach that private Absolution

should be retained in the churches, although

listing all sins is not necessary for Confession. For,

according to the Psalm, it is impossible. “Who can

discern his errors?” (Psalm 19:12)

  Our churches teach that there is forgiveness of

sins for those who have fallen after Baptism when-

ever they are converted. The Church ought to impart

Absolution to those who return to repentance

[Jeremiah 3:12], which strictly speaking is in two

Parts: Contrition, that is, terrors striking the con-

science through the knowledge of sin and Faith

which is born of the Gospel [Romans 10:17] or the

Absolution and believes that for Christ’s, sins are


     Absolution, or the Power of the Keys, is an aid

against sin and a consolation for a bad conscience;

it is ordained by Christ in the Gospel [Matthew 16:19].

Therefore, Confession and Absolution should by

no means be abolished in the Church so that troubled

consciences can be comforted by God’s command

or more so, by the very voice of the Gospel.


                                                              HOLY WEEK


Lenten Catechesis: The Sacrament of the Altar

     The holy Evangelists Matthew, Mark, Luke,

and St. Paul write: on the night when He was

betrayed,  took bread, and when He had given

thanks, He broke  it and gave it to the disciples

and said: “Take, eat; this is My body, which is

given for you. This do in remembrance of Me.”

In the same way also He took the cup after

supper, and when He had given thanks, He gave

it to them, saying, “Drink of it, all of you; this cup

is the new  testament in My blood, which is shed

for you for the forgiveness of sins. This do, as

often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me.”


Lenten Catechesis: What is the Sacrament of the


     “It is the true body and blood of our Lord Jesus

Christ, in and under the bread and wine, which

we Christians are commanded by Christ’s Word

to eat and to drink.”


Lenten Catechesis: What is the benefit of this

eating and drinking?

     For this reason we go to the Sacrament: there

we receive such a treasure by and in which we

gain forgiveness of sins.


Lenten Catechesis: How can bodily eating and

Drinking do such great things? / Who receives

the power and benefit of this Sacrament?

     Now the only way (except the work that is

done and the forgiveness of sins secured by the

the cross, because it cannot come to us in any

other way than through the Word) this treasure

is passed along and made our very own is in

the words “Given….and shed for you.” For in

the words you have both truths, that it is both

Christ’s body and blood, and that it is yours as

a treasure and gift.


     Maundy Thursday, the Day of Command-

ment (Dies Mandati), most properly refers to

the example of service given us by our Lord

and the directive to love as we have been loved

(John 13:34). Yet we must not forget the com-

mand given in the Words “do this in the

remembrance of Me.” This day, with its commem-

oration of the institution of the Lord’s Supper,

is set off from the rest of Holy Week as a day

of festive joy.

Lenten Catechesis: Who receives this Sacrament


     Since [the] treasure [of this Sacrament] entirely

presented in the words, it cannot be received and

made ours in any other way than with the heart.

Indeed, those who are true Christians and value

the Sacrament precious and holy will drive and

move themselves to go to it.

Invivatory for Holy Week

Christ became obedient to death, even death

on a cross.

O come, let us worship Him.


Man should not live on bread alone,

but by every word that comes from

the mouth of God.                   (Matthew 4:4)


L:  But he would feed you with the finest of

the wheat, and with honey from the rock

I would satisfy you.                  (Psalm 81:16)

     For as often as you eat this bread and

drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s

death until He comes.

(1 Corinthians 11:26)

Just as I have loved you, you also are to

love one another.                       (John 13:34

C: The blood of Jesus, God’s Son,

cleanses from all sin.          (1 John 1:7, alt.)


     Good Friday is the high point of Holy Week,

but not of the Church Year—for we know that

after Good Friday a day is coming when death

will give way to life. If the commemoration of

Good Friday was separated from Easter, we

would remain in our sins, and thus the ultimate

word of Good Friday would be “you are condemned.”

Even as we stand at the foot of the cross and

contemplate the price of our sin, we gather as

children reconciled to God. In the services of

Good Friday, the Church does not leave us

in the darkness and the shadow of death but

rather fills us with the certainty of victory over

sin, death, and the devil, pointing us to the

final victory that will be celebrated on Easter.

Lenten Catechesis: Admonition and Encourage-

ment Regarding the Sacrament

     “Do this in remembrance of me” [Luke 22:

19]. These are inviting and commanding words by

which all who would be Christians are told to

partake of this Sacrament. Therefore, whoever

wants to be Christ’s disciple, with whom He here

speaks, must also consider and keep the Sacrament.

They should not act from compulsion, being

forced by others, but in obedience to the Lord

Jesus Christ, to please Him…Since He speaks the

words, “As often as you drink it,” it is…implied that

we should do it often, thus, not once a year or

upon this evening, but often. In other words, when

and where you will, according to everyone’s

opportunity and necessity, bound to no place or

appointed time.

Invivatory for Holy Week

Christ became obedient to death, even death

on a cross.

O come, let us worship Him.


He was oppressed, and He was afflicted

yet He opened not His mouth

and the Lord was laid on Him

the iniquity of us all.          (Isaiah 53:7, 6)


L:  He was despised and rejected by men: a

man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief.

(Isaiah 53:3)

He was oppressed, and He was afflicted,

yet He opened not His mouth.

                                                        (Isaiah 53:7)

He poured out His soul to death and was

numbered with the transgressors.

(Isaiah 53:12)

C: He humbled Himself by becoming

obedient to the point of death,

even death on a cross.   (Philippians 2:8)



    The commemoration of Holy Saturday

encompasses our Lord’s rest in the tomb and

His descent into hell. The descent into hell is

not, however, the depth of Christ’s humiliation

but rather the demonstration of His complete

victory over death. This day takes us out of the

depths of most painful sorrows and out of the

solitude of holy meditation upon Christ’s

passion to the celebration of victory as we

anticipate the Lord’s resurrection breaking

forth in all its glory on Easter.

Lenten Catechesis: Admonition and Encourage-

ment Regarding the Sacrament

     Those who are mindful of their weakness

desire to be rid of it and long for help. They should

regard and use the Sacrament just like a precious

antidote against the poison that they have in them.

Here in the Sacrament you are to receive from the

lips of Christ the forgiveness of sin. It contains and

brings with it God’s grace and the Spirit with all

His gifts, protection, shelter, and power against

death and the devil and all misfortune.

1: We believe, teach, and confess that in the

Holy Supper Christ’s body and blood are truly

present, and that they are truly distributed and

received with the bread and wine.

2: We believe, teach, and confess that the word’s

of Christ’s testament are not to be understood in

any other way than the way they read, according

to the letter…Because of the sacramental union

<the bread and wine> are truly Christ’s body and


Invivatory for Holy Week

Christ became obedient to death, even death

on a cross.

O come, let us worship Him.


Every day I call upon you, O Lord:

I spread out my hands to you.

(Psalm 88:9)


L:  Our shepherd, the source of the waters of

life, has died. The sun was darkened when

He passed away.               (Liturgical text)

He has destroyed the barricades of hell and

overthrown the sovereignty of the devil.

(Liturgical text)

     But in fact Christ has been raised from

the dead, the firstfruits of those who have

fallen asleep.          (1 Corinthians 15:20)

C: Therefor God has highly exalted Him and

bestowed on Him the name that is above

every name.                    (Philippians 2:9) 

Alan lyght

Fruit of the Spirit

We all know of (and many have memorized) the Fruit of the Spirit as told in  Galations 5:22-23. So to bestow a better understanding as to this towards a whole, here are 90 verses from the very Word of God that will let you see how these indivual and Spirited feelings through God can be better applied to your life as a Christian. If by chance these intrigue you, look up each one and see the many wonderful works as to the Biblical application for each one. Blessings to you during this Lenten Season in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, Amen.

Fruit of the Spirit

LOVE“But the fruit of the Spirit is LOVE, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control.”  Galatians 5:22-23

1 “For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.”  John 3:16

2 “But you, O Lord, are a compassionate and gracious God, slow to anger, abounding in love and faithfulness.”  Psalm 86:15

3 “So now I am giving you a new commandment: Love each other.  Just as I have loved you, you should love each other.  Your love for one another will prove to the world that you are my disciples.”  John 13:34-35

4 “There is no fear in love. But perfect love drives out fear, because fear has to do with punishment.  The one who fears is not made perfect in love.  We love because He first loved us.”  1 John 4:18-19

5 “So now faith, hope, and love abide, these three; but the greatest of these is love.”  1 Corinthians 13:13

6 “Dear friends, let us love one another, for love comes from God. Everyone who loves has been born of God and knows God.   Whoever does not love does not know God, because God is love.”  1 John 4:7-8

7 “Give thanks to the Lord, for he is good; his love endures forever.”  1 Chronicles 16:34

8 “Live a life of love, just as Christ loved us and gave himself up for us as a fragrant offering and sacrifice to God.”  Ephesians 5:2

9 “How great is the love the Father has lavished on us, that we should be called children of God!”  1 John 3:1

10 “His banner over me is love.”  Song of Songs 2:4

JOY“But the fruit of the Spirit is loveJOY, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control.”  Galatians 5:22-23

1 Rejoice in the Lord always. I will say it again: Rejoice! Philippians 4:4

2 The Lord your God is with you, the Mighty Warrior who saves. He will take great delight in you; in his love he will no longer rebuke you, but will rejoice over you with singing. Zephaniah 3:17

3 You make known to me the path of life; you will fill me with joy in your presence, with eternal pleasures at your right hand. Psalm 16:11

4 Until now you have not asked for anything in my name. Ask and you will receive, and your joy will be complete. John 16:24

5 So that I may come to you with joy, by God’s will, and in your company be refreshed. Romans 15:32

6 I have no greater joy than to hear that my children are walking in the truth. 3 John 1:4

7 Deceit is in the hearts of those who plot evil, but those who promote peace have joy. Proverbs 12:20

8 Go, eat your food with gladness, and drink your wine with a joyful heart, for God has already approved what you do. Ecclesiastes 9:7

9 I tell you that in the same way there will be more rejoicing in heaven over one sinner who repents than over ninety-nine righteous persons who do not need to repent. Luke 15:7

10 I will be glad and rejoice in you; I will sing the praises of your name, O Most High. Psalm 9:2

PEACE“But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, PEACE, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control.”  Galatians 5:22-23

1 “The Lord bless you and keep you; the Lord make his face shine on you and be gracious to you; the Lord turn his face toward you and give you peace.” Numbers 6:24-26

I have told you these things, so that in me you may have peace. In this world you will have trouble. But take heart! I have overcome the world. John 16:33

Peace I leave with you; my peace I give you. I do not give to you as the world gives. Do not let your hearts be troubled and do not be afraid. John 14:27

4 In peace I will lie down and sleep, for you alone, Lord, make me dwell in safety. Psalm 4:8

5 Let the peace of Christ rule in your hearts, since as members of one body you were called to peace. And be thankful. Colossians 3:15

6 The mind governed by the flesh is death, but the mind governed by the Spirit is life and peace.

Romans 8:6

7 Whatever you have learned or received or heard from me, or seen in me—put it into practice. And the God of peace will be with you. Philippians 4:9

8 Turn from evil and do good; seek peace and pursue it. Psalm 34:14

9 Now may the Lord of peace himself give you peace at all times and in every way. The Lord be with all of you. 2 Thessalonians 3:16

10 And the peace of God, which transcends all understanding, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus. Philippians 4:7


PATIENCE“But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, PATIENCE, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control.”  Galatians 5:22-23

1 So, as those who have been chosen of God, holy and beloved, put on a heart of compassion, kindness, humility, gentleness and patience. Colossians 3:12

2 So that you will not be sluggish, but imitators of those who through faith and patience inherit the promises. Hebrews 6:12

3 Therefore be patient, brethren, until the coming of the Lord the farmer waits for the precious produce of the soil, being patient about it, until it gets the early and late rains. James 5:7

Rejoice in hope; be patient in affliction; be persistent in prayer. Romans 12:12

5 And we urge you, brothers, to admonish the unruly, encourage the fainthearted, help the weak, and be patient with everyone. 1 Thessalonians 5:14

6 With all humility and gentleness, with patience, accepting one another in love, diligently keeping the unity of the Spirit with the peace that binds us. Ephesians 4:2-3

7 Love is patient, love is kind. It does not envy, it does not boast, it is not proud. 1 Corinthians 13:4

8 Or do you show contempt for the riches of his kindness, forbearance and patience, not realizing that God’s kindness is intended to lead you to repentance? Romans 2:4

9 Bear in mind that our Lord’s patience means salvation, just as our dear brother Paul also wrote you with the wisdom that God gave him. 2 Peter 3:15

10 Be still in the presence of the LORD, and wait patiently for him to act. Don’t worry about evil people who prosper or fret about their wicked schemes. Psalm 37:7

KINDNESS“But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, KINDNESS, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control.”  Galatians 5:22-23

1 “But love your enemies, and do good, and lend, expecting nothing in return; and your reward will be great, and you will be sons of the Most High; for He Himself is kind to ungrateful and evil men. Luke 6:35

2 Be kind to one another, tender-hearted, forgiving each other, just as God in Christ also has forgiven you. Ephesians 4:32

3 I shall make mention of the lovingkindnesses of the LORD, the praises of the LORD, According to all that the LORD has granted us, And the great goodness toward the house of Israel, Which He has granted them according to His compassion And according to the abundance of His lovingkindnesses. Isiah 63:7

4 But the LORD was with Joseph and extended kindness to him, and gave him favor in the sight of the chief jailer. Genesis 39:21

5 The natives showed us extraordinary kindness; for because of the rain that had set in and because of the cold, they kindled a fire and received us all. Acts 28:2

6 You have granted me life and lovingkindness; And Your care has preserved my spirit. Job 10:12

7 “Yet even now,” declares the LORD, “Return to Me with all your heart, And with fasting, weeping and mourning; And rend your heart and not your garments ” Now return to the LORD your God, For He is gracious and compassionate, Slow to anger, abounding in lovingkindness And relenting of evil. Joel 2:12-13

8 So, as those who have been chosen of God, holy and beloved, put on a heart of compassion, kindness, humility, gentleness and patience; Colossians 3:12

9 O God, You are my God; I shall seek You earnestly; My soul thirsts for You, my flesh yearns for You, In a dry and weary land where there is no water. Thus I have seen You in the sanctuary, To see Your power and Your glory. Because Your lovingkindness is better than life, My lips will praise You. Psalm 63:1-3

10 Love is patient, love is kind and is not jealous; love does not brag and is not arrogant. 1 Corinthians 13:4

GOODNESS“But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, GOODNESS, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control.”  Galatians 5:22-23

1 And Jesus said to him, “Why do you call Me good? No one is good except God alone. Mark 10:18

2 Teach me to do Your will, For You are my God; Let Your good Spirit lead me on level ground. Psalm 143:10

“You know of Jesus of Nazareth, how God anointed Him with the Holy Spirit and with power, and how He went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed by the devil, for God was with Him. Acts 10:38

4 And God saw that the light was good; and God separated the light from the darkness. God called the dry land Earth, and the waters that were gathered together he called Seas. And God saw that it was good. The earth brought forth vegetation: plants yielding seed of every kind, and trees of every kind bearing fruit with the seed in it. And God saw that it was good. God set them in the dome of the sky to give light upon the earth, to rule over the day and over the night, and to separate the light from the darkness. And God saw that it was good. So God created the great sea monsters and every living creature that moves, of every kind, with which the waters swarm, and every winged bird of every kind. And God saw that it was good. God made the wild animals of the earth of every kind, and the cattle of every kind, and everything that creeps upon the ground of every kind. And God saw that it was good. God saw everything that he had made, and indeed, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day. Genesis 1:4, 10, 12, 17-18, 21, 25, and 31

5 O give thanks unto the LORD; for he is good; for his mercy endureth for ever. 1 Chronicles 16:34

6 Every good thing given and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation or shifting shadow. James 1:17

7 But when Christ appeared as a high priest of the good things to come, He entered through the greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this creation. Hebrews 9:11

8 So then, the Law is holy, and the commandment is holy and righteous and good.Romans 5:12

9 And He said, “I Myself will make all My goodness pass before you, and will proclaim the name of the LORD before you; and I will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will show compassion on whom I will show compassion.” Exodus 33:19

10 The LORD is good to those who wait for Him, To the person who seeks Him.Lamentations 3:25


FAITHFULNESS“But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, FAITHFULNESS, gentleness, and self-control.”  Galatians 5:22-23

1 “Then I will restore your judges as at the first, And your counselors as at the beginning; After that you will be called the city of righteousness, A faithful city.” Isaiah 1:26

2 And I will betroth you to Me in faithfulness. Then you will know the LORD. Hosea 2:20

3 Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, To the saints who are at Ephesus and who are faithful in Christ Jesus. Ephesians 1:1

4 “Know therefore that the LORD your God, He is God, the faithful God, who keeps His covenant and His lovingkindness to a thousandth generation with those who love Him and keep His commandments.

Deuteronomy 7:9

5 ‘But I will raise up for Myself a faithful priest who will do according to what is in My heart and in My soul; and I will build him an enduring house, and he will walk before My anointed always. 1 Samuel 2:35

6 Therefore, those also who suffer according to the will of God shall entrust their souls to a faithful Creator in doing what is right. 1 Peter 4:19

7 ‘Do not fear what you are about to suffer. Behold, the devil is about to cast some of you into prison, so that you will be tested, and you will have tribulation for ten days Be faithful until death, and I will give you the crown of life. Revelation 2:10

8 If he walks in My statutes and My ordinances so as to deal faithfully–he is righteous and will surely live,” declares the Lord GOD. Ezekiel 18:9

9 Then he charged them saying, “Thus you shall do in the fear of the LORD, faithfully and wholeheartedly. 2 Chronicles 19:9

10 But I will sacrifice to You With the voice of thanksgiving That which I have vowed I will pay Salvation is from the LORD. Jonah 2:9



GENTLENESS“But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, GENTLENESS, and self-control.”  Galatians 5:22-23

1 But sanctify Christ as Lord in your hearts, always being ready to make a defense to everyone who asks you to give an account for the hope that is in you, yet with gentleness and reverence. 1 Peter 3:15-16

2 Brethren, even if anyone is caught in any trespass, you who are spiritual, restore such a one in a spirit of gentleness; each one looking to yourself, so that you too will not be tempted. Galatians 6:1

3 But flee from these things, you man of God, and pursue righteousness, godliness, faith, love, perseverance and gentleness. 1 Timothy 6:11

4 With all humility and gentleness, with patience, showing tolerance for one another in love. Ephesians 4:2

5 Let your gentle spirit be known to all men. The Lord is near. Philippians 4:5

6 Now I, Paul, myself urge you by the meekness and gentleness of Christ–I who am meek when face to face with you, but bold toward you when absent! 2 Corinthians 10:1

7 Like a shepherd He will tend His flock, In His arm He will gather the lambs And carry them in His bosom; He will gently lead the nursing ewes. Isaiah 40:11

8 “Take My yoke upon you and learn from Me, for I am gentle and humble in heart, and you will find rest for your souls. Matthew 11:29

9 He can deal gently with the ignorant and misguided, since he himself also is beset with weakness.

Hebrews 5:2

10 Blessed are the gentle, for they shall inherit the earth. Matthew 5:5


SELF-CONTROL“But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, and SELF-CONTROL.”  Galatians 5:22-23

1 But if they do not have self-control, let them marry; for it is better to marry than to burn with passion

1 Corinthians 7:9

2 He was oppressed and He was afflicted, Yet He did not open His mouth; Like a lamb that is led to slaughter, And like a sheep that is silent before its shearers, So He did not open His mouth. Isaiah 53:7

3 “But I say to you who hear, love your enemies, do good to those who hate you.” Luke 6:27

4 Set a guard, O LORD, over my mouth; Keep watch over the door of my lips. Psalm 141:3

5 But hospitable, loving what is good, sensible, just, devout, self-controlled. Titus 1:8

6 For this is the will of God, your sanctification; that is, that you abstain from sexual immorality. 1 Thessalonians 4:3

7 Therefore, prepare your minds for action, keep sober in spirit, fix your hope completely on the grace to be brought to you at the revelation of Jesus Christ. 1 Peter 1:13

8 This you know, my beloved brethren But everyone must be quick to hear, slow to speak and slow to anger. James 1:19

9 But He kept silent and did not answer Again the high priest was questioning Him, and saying to Him, “Are You the Christ, the Son of the Blessed One?” Mark 14:61

10 Stop depriving one another, except by agreement for a time, so that you may devote yourselves to prayer, and come together again so that Satan will not tempt you because of your lack of self-control.

1 Corinthians 7:5

For today March 7Perpetua and Felicitas, Martyrs. At the beginning of the third century, the Roman emperor Septimus Severus forbade conversions to Christianity. Among those disobeying that edict were Perpetua, a young noblewoman, and her maidservant Felicitas. Both were jailed at Carthage in North Africa along with three fellow Christians. During their imprisonment, Perpetua and Felicitas witnessed to their faith with such conviction that the officer in charge became a follower of Jesus. After making arrangements for the well-being of their children, Perpetua and Felicitas were executed on March 7, 203. Tradition shows that Perpetua showed mercy to her captors by falling on a sword because they could not bear to put her to death. The story of this martyrdom has been told ever since as an encouragement to persecuted Christians.

For today March 17Patrick, Missionary to Ireland. Patrick is one of the best-known of the missionary saints. Born to a Christian family in Britain around the year AD 389 he was captured as a teenager by raiders, taken to Ireland, and forced to serve as a herdsman. After six years, he escaped and found his way to a monastery community in France. Ordained a bishop, it is believed that Patrick made his way back to Ireland in the summer of 433, and there spent the rest of his long life spreading the Gospel and organizing Christian communities. He strongly defended the doctrine of the Holy Trinity in a time when it was not popular to do so. His literacy legacy includes his autobiography, Confession, and several prayers and hymns still used in the Church today. At least one tradition states that Patrick died in Ireland on March 17around the year AD 466.

For today March 19St. Joseph, Guardian of Jesus. St. Joseph has been honored throughout the Christian centuries for his faithful devotion in helping Mary raise her son. Matthew’s Gospel relates that Joseph was just a man, who followed the angel’s instructions and took the already-pregnant Mary as his wife (Matthew 1:24). In the Gospels according to Matthew and Mark, Jesus is referred to as “the carpenter’s son” (Matthew 13:55; Mark 6:3). This suggests that Joseph had building skills with which he supported his family. Joseph was an important figure in the early life of Jesus, safely escorting Mary and the child to Egypt (Matthew 2:14) and then settling them back in Nazareth once it was safe to do so (Matthew 2:22). The final mention of Joseph is at the time the twelve-year old Jesus visits the temple in Jerusalem for the Passover (Luke 2:41-51). Joseph, the guardian of our Lord, has long been associated with caring parenthood as well as with skilled craftsmanship.

For today March 25The Annunciation of Our Lord. The angel Gabriel appears to Mary and announces that God has shown her favor and will use her as the means for the Messiah’s birth. So Mary Conceives Jesus when the angel says: “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you” (Luke 1:35). This same Spirit who hovered over the waters and brought forth creation (Genesis 1:2) will now “hover over” the waters of Mary’s womb to conceive the creation’s Redeemer. As the Holy Spirit comes upon Mary, she conceives Jesus “through her ear” (as Martin Luther says). The one who is conceived is called Holy, the Son of God. This is the moment of the incarnation of our Lord. The date of the Annunciation falls on March 25, because the Ancient Church believed the crucifixion occurred on that date. In antiquity, people linked the day of a person’s conception with the day of his or her death. Thus, in the Annunciation, the Church joined together both the incarnation of Jesus and the atonement He accomplished.

For today March 31Joseph, Patriarch. Joseph was the son of the patriarch Jacob (February 5) and Rachel. The favorite son of his father, Joseph incurred the jealousy of his older brothers, who sold him into slavery in Egypt and told their father he was dead (Genesis 37). In Egypt, Joseph became the chief servant in the home of Potiphar, a military official. Because Joseph refused to commit adultery with his master’s wife, he was unjustly accused of attempted rape and thrown into jail (Genesis 39). Years later, he interpreted dreams for Pharaoh, who then freed Joseph from prison and placed him in charge of the entire country. When his brothers came from Canaan to Egypt in search of food, they did not recognize Joseph. He eventually revealed his identity to them, forgave them, and invited both them and his father to live in Egypt. Joseph is especially remembered and honored for his moral uprightness (Genesis 39) and for his willingness to forgive his brothers (Genesis 45 and 50).

Alan Lyght

For today February 23Polycarp of Smyrna, Pastor and Martyr. Born around AD 69, Polycarp was a central figure in the Early Church. A disciple of the evangelist John, he linked the first generation of believers to later Christians. After serving for many years as bishop of Smyrna, Polycarp was arrested, tried, and executed for his faith on February 23, in AD 155 or 156. An eyewitness narative of his death, The Martyrdom of Polycarp continues to encourage believers in times of persecution.

for today February 24St. Matthias, Apostle. St. Matthias is one of the lesser-known apostles. According to the Early Church Fathers, Matthias was one of the seventy-two sent out by Jesus in Luke 10:1-20. After the ascension, Matthias was chosen by lot to fill the vacancy in the Twelve resulting from the death of Judas Iscariot (Acts 1:16-25). Early Church tradition places Matthias in a number of locations. Some historians suggest that he went to Ethiopia; others place him in Armenia, the first nation to adopt Christianity as a national religion. Martyred for his faith may well have met his death at Colchis in Asia Minor, around AD 50. The Church of St. Matthias at Trier, Germany, claims the honor of being the final burial site for Matthias, the only one of the Twelve to be buried in Europe north of the Alps.

For today February 18The Ten Commandments.

1 Thou shalt have no other gods.

2 Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord, thy God, in vain.

3 Thou shalt sanctify the holy-day

4 Thou shalt honor thy father and thy mother [that it may be well with thee and thou mayest live long upon the earth].

5 Thou shalt not kill.

6 Thou shalt not commit adultery.

7 Thou shalt not steal.

8 Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor.

9 Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor’s house.

10 Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor’s wife, nor his man-servant, nor his maid-servant, nor his cattle, nor anything that is his.

For today February 25The Apostles Creed.

I believe in God, the Father almighty,
maker of heaven and earth,

And in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord,
who was conceived by the Holy Spirit,
born of the Virgin Mary,
suffered under Pontius Pilate,
was crucified, died and was buried.
He descended into hell.
The third day he rose again from the dead.
He ascended into heaven
and sits at the right hand of God
the Father almighty.
From there he will come to judge the living and the dead.

I believe in the Holy Spirit,
the holy Christian Church,
the communion of saints,
the forgiveness of sins,
the resurrection of the body,
and the life everlasting. Amen.


For today Ash Wednesday – During the forty days of Lent, God’s baptized people cleanse their hearts through the discipline of Lent: repentance, prayer, fasting, and almsgiving. Lent is a time in which God’s people prepare with joy for the Paschal Feast (Easter). It is a time in which God renews His people’s zeal in faith and life. It is a time in which we pray that we may be given the fullness of grace that belongs to the children of God.


For today February 18Martin Luther, Doctor and Cofessor. Martin Luther, born on November 10, 1483, in Eisleben, Germany, initially began studies leading toward a degree in law. However, after a close encounter with death, he switched to a study of theology, entered an Augustinian monastry, was ordained a priest in 1505, and received a doctrate in theology in 1512. As a professor at the newly established University of Wittenberg, Luther’s scriptual studies led him to question many of the Church’s teachings and practices, especially the selling of indulgences. His refusal to back down from his convictions resulted in his excommunication in 1521. Following a period of seclusion at the Wartburg castle, Luther returned to Wittenberg, where he spent the rest of his life preaching and teaching, translating the Scriptures, and writing hymns and numerous theological treatises. He is remembered and honored for his lifelong emphasis on the biblical truth that for Christ’s sake God declares us righteous by grace through faith alone. Luther died on February 18, 1546, while visiting the town of his birth.

biblical memoirs

The following NOTES (my posting as to part 3 of 3) are taken from the Large Catechism with Study Questions, Concordia 2010.

February 19: Note to the Second Petition – In this petition, we are praying to God that the kingdom of Christ will come and remain among us, both in this life and finally on the last day. We ask God that we will remain faithful and daily grow in His grace, so that many more will come to Christ’s kingdom. This petition shows that God wants us to ask not only for small cares and needs of life, but also for great things from Him. If God invites us to pray for such great and wonderful things as His kingdom of grace, surely He will provide also for our daily needs.

February 20Note to the Third Petition – By faith we cling to God’s holy name and His holy kingdom. But evil opposes us and tries to snatch God’s kingdom from us. Luther says we pray that God will work His will among us and protect and keep us safe from our old sinful flesh and from all the evil in the world. The devil will spare no effort to make us fall away from God’s kingdom. We Christians bear a holy cross: temptations, dangers, and intense struggle throughout our life. It is foolish for us to think that a Christian’s life is easy. Therefore, we ask God to work His gracious will for us and to provide us with the strength we need.

February 21Note to the Fourth Petition – “Daily Bread” encompasses everything we need for our life here on earth. Luther explains in this petition that our greatest need is good governing authorities. Through them God provides us with what we need for this body and life. Nothing in this life will be “good” unless we live in peace and security; history readily proves Luther’s point. The devil is intent on thwarting good government and causing unrest and turmoil. Yet God gives daily necessities even to the wicked. God wants us to pray for them too, so that we recognize that He gives us all good things as a gracious gift.

February 22Note to the Fifth Petition – God forgives our sins, even if we do not realize it. In this petition we pray for forgiveness so that we recognize and accept this gift from God. We need this petition so that our conscience will be strengthened in the struggle against sin. The phrase “as we forgive those who sin against us” is added so that we will extend God’s gracious forgiveness to others who sin against us. By doing so we exhibit God’s forgiveness to us.

February 23Note to the Sixth Petition – In this petition, Luther sets forth the threefold source of temptation: our sinful human flesh, the world around us, and the devil. Luther identifies our sinful human nature as the “old Adam,” a biblical metaphor for our sinful flesh, as opposed to the “new man,” which we have been given by the new Adam, Christ. Luther distinguishes between feeling temptation to sin and giving to sin. We all are tempted in various ways, according to our age and situation in life. We pray in this petition that the Lord will provide a way out of temptation and graciously help us so that we do not sin.

February 24Note to the Seventh and Last Petition – Luther rightly notes that the original Greek says, “Deliver us from the evil one.” The devil is the sum of all evil. In this petition, we pray that God will rescue us from any and all forms of the devil’s tricks and plots to make us sin and fall away from God. Luther had a very vivid and realistic view of the devil’s active presence and power in this world. The Bible speaks of the devil prowling around like a roaring lion, seeking people to devour. We should note that Luther does not offer an explanation for the common conclusion to the Lord’s Prayer familiar to most Protestant Christians: “For thine is the kingdom. . . .” (1 Chronicles 29:11-13). These words are not necessarily part of the original text of the Lord’s Prayer and may have been inserted into later copies of the Gospel (perhaps in the second century). Nevertheless, they are fine and appropriate words. But the Lord’s Prayer, as prayed in Luther’s time and still often among Roman Catholics today, concludes simply with this Seventh Petition.  Amen is a hearty “Yes! May it be so!” that we say in faith, believing that God will hear and answer our prayer in and through Christ.

February 25Note to Baptism – Baptism is not our work, but God’s work. It is a priceless treasure God gives and faith receives or grasps. Baptism gives us great comfort and strength when our sins accuse us, when we realize how we stand guilty before God. Then, says Luther, the Christian is to say, “But I am baptized!” Luther comments about infant Baptism since, in his time as today, some Christians deny infants this precious Sacrament. Luther’s defense of infant Baptism is interesting. He says simply that if God did nothing through Baptism, how do baptized children believe in Him? For Luther, the fact that the gift of the Holy Spirit is given even to very small children is proof enough that God works in and through Baptism. Luther also explains how Baptism encompasses what was known as “penance.” So for Luther, Confession and Absolution are subsumed under Baptism and the proclamation of the Gospel. True repentance is daily returning to Baptism. Baptism is our daily garment, by which we suppress the old Adam and grow up in the new Adam, being clothed with the righteousness of Christ. (See AC IX; SA III V.)

February 26Note to the Sacrament of the Altar – In this Sacrament, we cling to and trust God’s Word alone. Jesus does not lie to us or deceive us. Therefore, when He tells us the bread and wine are His body and blood, they are what He says. The key to understanding the benefit of the Sacrament is Christ’s words “for you.” What we receive in this Sacrament is a great “treasure”: the forgiveness of sins. The whole Gospel is comprehended in this Sacrament and is offered to us through the Word, which promises that in and under the bread and wine we receive the body and blood that was sacrificed on the cross for our salvation. Those who believe the Words of promise receive the forgiveness this Sacrament promises. Luther urges Christians to receive the Sacrament frequently. Those who realize the enormity of their sin, how many dangers abound, and how great Christ’s gifts are that are given in the Sacrament will receive the Lord’s Supper as often as possible. This is precisely why the early Lutheran congregations began to offer the Lord’s Supper every Lord’s Day and on other festival days to those wishing to receive it. (See AC X; SA III VI; FC Ep VII and SD VII.)

For today February 13: Aquila, Priscilla, Apollos. Aqulia and his wiife, Priscilla (Prisca), Jewish contemporaries of St. Paul, traveled widely. Because of persecution in Rome, they went to Corinth where they met the apostle Paul, who joined them in their trade of tentmaking (Acts 18:1-3). In turn, they joined Paul in his mission of proclaiming the Christian Gospel. The couple later traveled with Paul from Corinth to Ephesus (Acts 18:18), where the two of them established a home that served as hospitality headquarters for new converts to Christanity. Apollos was one of their numerous Jewish pupils in the faith. An eloquent man, Apollos, “being fervent in spirit . . . spoke and taught accurately the things concerning Jesus” (Acts 18:25). He later traveled from Corinth to the province of Achaia, “showing the Scriptures that Christ was Jesus” (Acts 18:28). Aquila, Priscilla, and Apollos are remembered and honored for their great missionary zeal.

For today February 14: Valentine, Martyr. A physician and priest living in Rome during the rule of Emperor Claudius, Valentine became one of the noted martyrs of the third century. The commemoration of his death, which occured in AD 270, became part of the calendar of remembrance in the early Church of the West. Tradition suggests that on the day of his execution for his Christian faith, Valentine left a note of encouragement for a child of his jailer written on a irregularly shaped piece of paper. This greeting became a pattern for millions of written expressions of love and caring that now are the highlights of Valentine’s Day in many nations.


Invitatory for Lent

The Lord has redeemed His People.

O come, let us worship Him.


1   Man shall not live by bread alone,

but by every word that comes from

the mouth of God.                (Matthew 4:4)

2   Behold, now is the favorable time:

     behold, now is the day of salvation.

(2 Corinthians: 6:2)

3   He was opressed, and He was afflicted

yet He opened not His mouth

and the Lord was laid on Him

the iniquity of us all.          (Isaiah 53:7, 6)

Responsory for Lent

L:  We have an advocate with the Father:

Jesus is the propitiation for our sins.

(1 John 2:1-2)

Blessed is he whose transgression is

forgiven and whose sin is put away.

(Psalm 32:1)

     We have an advocate with the Father:

Jesus is the propitiation for our sins.

(1 John 2:1-2) 

C:  He was delivered up to death:

He was delivered for the sins of the people.

(Mark 10:33)


For today February 15: Philemon and Onesimus. Philemon was a prominent first-century Christian who owned a slave named Onesimus. Although the name Onesimus means “useful,” Onesimus proved himself “useless” when he ran away from his master and perhaps even stole from him (Philemon 18). Somehow Onesimus came into contact with the apostle Paul while the latter was in prison (possibly in Rome), and through Paul’s proclamation of the Gospel, he became a Christian. After confessing to the apostle that he was a runaway slave, Onesimus was directed by Paul to return to his master and become “useful” again. In order to help pave the way for Onesimus’s peaceful return home, Paul sent him on his way with a letter addressed to Philemon, a letter in which he urged Philemon to forgive his slave for running away and to “receive him as you would receive me” (v. 17), no longer as a slave but . . . as a beloved brother” (v. 16). The letter was eventually included by the Church as one of the books of the New Testament.

ADDITION TO THIS DAYHoly (Maundy) Thursday

Invivatory for Holy Week

Christ became obedient to death, even death

on a cross.

O come, let us worship Him.


Man should not live on bread alone,

but by every word that comes from

the mouth of God.                   (Matthew 4:4)


L:  But he would feed you with the finest of

the wheat, and with honey from the rock

I would satisfy you.                  (Psalm 81:16)

     For as often as you eat this bread and

drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s

death until He comes.

(1 Corinthians 11:26)

Just as I have loved you, you also are to

love one another.                       (John 13:34

C: The blood of Jesus, God’s Son,

cleanses from all sin.          (1 John 1:7, alt.)


For today February 16: Philipp Melanchthon (birth), Confessor. Philipp Melanchthon (1497-1560) was a brilliant student of the classics and a humanist scholar. In 1518, he was appointed to teach along with Martin Luther at the University of Wittenberg. At Luther’s urging, Melanchthon began teaching theology and Scripture in addition to his courses in classical studies. In April 1530, Emperor Charles V called an official meeting between the representatives of Lutheranism and Roman Catholics, hoping to effect a meeting of minds between two opossing groups. Since Luther was at that time under papal excommunication and an imperial ban, Melanchthon was assigned the duty of being the chief Lutheran representative at this meeting. He is especially remembered and honored as the author of the Augsburg Confession, which was officially presented by the German princes to the emperor on June 2, 1530, as the defining document of Lutheranism within Christendom. Melanchthon died on April 19, 1560.


Invivatory for Holy Week

Christ became obedient to death, even death

on a cross.

O come, let us worship Him.


He was opressed, and He was afflicted

yet He opened not His mouth

and the Lord was laid on Him

the iniquity of us all.          (Isaiah 53:7, 6)


L:  He was despised and rejected by men: a

man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief.

(Isaiah 53:3)

He was opressed, and He was afflicted,

yet He opened not His mouth.

                                                        (Isaiah 53:7)

He poured out His soul to death and was

numbered with the transgressors.

(Isaiah 53:12)

C: He humbled Himself by becoming

obedient to the point of death,

even death on a cross.   (Philippians 2:8)


Invivatory for Holy Week

Christ became obedient to death, even death

on a cross.

O come, let us worship Him.


Every day I call upon you, O Lord:

I spread out my hands to you.

(Psalm 88:9)


L:  Our shepherd, the source of the waters of

life, has died. The sun was darkened when

He passed away.               (Liturgical text)

He has destroyed the barricades of hell and

overthrown the sovereignty of the devil.

(Liturgical text)

     But in fact Christ has been raised from

the dead, the firstfruits of those who have

fallen asleep.          (1 Corinthians 15:20)

C: Therefor God has highly exalted Him and

bestowed on Him the name that is above

every name.                    (Philippians 2:9) 

biblical memoirs

For today February 10Silas Fellow Worker of St. Peter and St. Paul. Silas, a leader in the Church at Jerusalem, was chosen by Paul (Acts 15:40) to acompany him on his second missionary journey from Antioch to Asia Minor and Macadonia. Silas, also known Silvanus, was imprisoned with Paul in Philippi and experienced the riots in Thessalonica and Berea. After rejoining Paul in Corinth, Silas apparently remained there for an extended time. Sometime later he apparently joined the apostle Peter, likely serving as Peter’s secretary (1 Peter 5:12). Tradition says that Silas was the first bishop at Corinth.